Robert Graves, in his book The White Goddess, traces and reinterprets many European legends and myths in which the whitethorn (hawthorn), also called the May-tree, is central. This native American tree is ideal for a smaller garden, or for background in a larger one. In the southern United States, fruits of three native species are collectively known as mayhawsand are made into jellies which are considered a delic… It's known for its lobed, green leaves and attractive bark (much like an apple tree), and the branches of most varieties are thorny. The leaves are edible, and if picked in spring when still young, are tender enough to be used in salads. The gray or reddish-brown bark of the hawthorn tree provides texture to the garden, and some varieties turn a vibrate shade of orange-bronze in autumn. Avoid heavy pruning and excessive fertilization, which promote tender, susceptible new growth. Crataegus, commonly called hawthorn or thornapple, is a large genus of shrubs and trees in the rose family, Rosaceae, native to temperate regions of the … The "haws" or fruits of the common hawthorn, C. monogyna, are edible. With masses of pollen-rich spring flowers followed by autumn berries (haws), they provide food and shelter for a range of wildlife. Many species of Hawthorn make excellent bonsai trees. The common hawthorn is extensively used in Europe as a hedge plant. Unless planting closely for a hedge, space trees 30 feet apart. Although hawthorn is relatively pest-resistant, the tree is sometimes bothered by aphids or scale. , A 2008 Cochrane Collaboration meta-analysis of previous studies concluded that evidence exists of "a significant benefit in symptom control and physiologic outcomes" for an extract of hawthorn used as an adjuvant in treating chronic heart failure. The leaves of the hawthorn are small, dark green and toothed or lobed. , Although it is commonly stated that hawthorns can be propagated by cutting, this is difficult to achieve with rootless stem pieces. The genus is classified into sections which are further divided into series. The leaves grow spirally arranged on long shoots, and in clusters on spur shoots on the branches or twigs. Hawthorn is distinguished by its sharp, woody thorns and serrated leaves. In its natural environment, hawthorn trees are an important source of sustenance for wildlife. Green Hawthorn is a lower maintenance tree than most hawthorns as it is more disease resistant. Branches of Glastonbury thorn (C. monogyna 'Biflora', sometimes called C. oxyacantha var. One drawback to growing th… Fertilizer isn't required, but if growth appears sparse, apply a slow-release fertilizer in autumn. All have excellent spring blossom displays, and most have attractive autumn fruitlet colours. Oregon State University Extension: Hawthorn (Crataegus), University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources: Hawthorn—Crataegus Spp., Family Rosaceae (Rose Family), Birds and Blooms: Top Ten Berries for Birds, University of Florida School of Forest Resources and Conservation: Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.). Lavalle hawthorn grows in … It fits perfectly into an informal or rural garden, and it can also be clipped into a dense, secure hedge around your property. Birds, squirrels, rabbits, raccoons and deer dine on the rich fruit and seeds. Here are a few to consider: 1. The generic epithet, Crataegus, is derived from the Greek kratos "strength" because of the great strength of the wood and akis "sharp", referring to the thorns of some species.  Lore has it that it is very unlucky to cut the tree at any time other than when it is in bloom; however, during this time, it is commonly cut and decorated as a May bush (see Beltane). , 1974. Crataegus (/krəˈtiːɡəs/), commonly called hawthorn, quickthorn, thornapple, May-tree, whitethorn, or hawberry, is a genus of several hundred species of shrubs and trees in the family Rosaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, Asia, North Africa, and North America. The name "hawthorn" was originally applied to the species native to northern Europe, especially the common hawthorn C. monogyna, and the unmodified name is often so used in Britain and Ireland. The native Crataegus monogyna has white flowers, as do a number of other varieties, but there are also red and pink flowering Hawthorn trees to choose from. In the United Kingdom, they are sometimes used to make a jelly or homemade wine. Water a young tree during dry weather, but after the first year or two, natural rainfall is adequate. , Overdose can cause cardiac arrhythmia and low blood pressure, while milder side effects include nausea and dizziness. May have anti-inflammatory properties. During the British Agricultural Revolution in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, hawthorn saplings were mass propagated in nurseries to create the new field boundaries required by the Inclosure Acts. Aphids are tiny, sap-sucking insects that gather in masses on the undersides of the leaves. In South Korea, a liquor called sansachun (산사춘) is made from the fruits. This unique sweet and flavorful fruit is delicious eaten fresh, dried, stewed, and made into candy. Hawthorn Trees - Crataegus Crataegus trees, also known as Hawthron trees, are widely planted for their delightful flowers which are often scented and appear in spring. The Hawthorn is an attractive large shrub or small tree. The thorns are small sharp-tipped branches that arise either from other branches or from the trunk, and are typically 1–3 cm long (recorded as up to 11.5 cm (4.5 in) in one case). The hawthorn flowers twice a year and from the flowers come the fruit. The 4 cm fruits of the species Crataegus pinnatifida (Chinese hawthorn) are tart, bright red, and resemble small crabapple fruits. The hawthorn has been regarded as the emblem of hope, and its branches are stated to have been carried by the ancient Greeks in wedding processions, and to have been used by them to deck the altar of Hymenaios. Height/Spread: Upright spreading habit, 15-20 feet tall and wide. In spring small white or in rarer cases pink or red flowers appear in clusters, followed by small red apple-shaped fruit in autumn. Hawthorn is suitable for growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. This is the prettiest of the Hawthorns, with pink or red flowers and showy autumn color. Native to the UK, this hawthorn is perfect for attracting pollinators and birds come autumn, thanks to its spectacular blossom and red haws. During the pioneer days, white settlers ate these fruits during the winter as the only remaining food supply. piperi. , Many species and hybrids are used as ornamental and street trees. Since the different varieties closely resemble each other, it's hard to distinguish one from the other. The Hawthorn Tree has fragrant white blossom in late spring and early summer, covering the tree in a mass of tiny white flowers. Each flower produces a seed, and from the seed, …  'When all fruit fails, welcome haws' was once a common expression in Ireland. The most common type of bark is smooth grey in young individuals, developing shallow longitudinal fissures with narrow ridges in older trees. The fruits are excellent. Well-suited to clay soils. The Washington hawthorn (C. phaenopyrum) is famous for its red autumn colour and its abundant clusters of orange-red fruits that persist on the twigs well into winter; it is somewhat susceptible to rust but is otherwise a durable and much-used ornamental.  Patients taking digoxin should avoid taking hawthorn. Common in hedgerows, these shrubs and small trees are tough and hardy enough to thrive in a number of garden situations. Since the reign of King James I, it has been a Christmas custom to send a sprig of Glastonbury thorn flowers to the Sovereign, which is used to decorate the royal family's dinner table. In the home garden, hawthorn attracts butterflies and a number of songbirds, including cedar waxwings, bluejays and northern flickers. 1. The Crimson Cloud Hawthorn is another great tree to put in your arsenal of small tough colorful landscape varieties. The products used are often derived from C. monogyna, C. laevigata, or related Crataegus species, "collectively known as hawthorn", not necessarily distinguishing between these species. This tree is easily trimmed and a few of these planted together will make an attractive hedge. The fruit, sometimes known as a "haw", is berry-like but structurally a pome containing from one to five pyrenes that resemble the "stones" of plums, peaches, etc., which are drupaceous fruit in the same subfamily. Hawthorn Hawthorn trees have many positiveness and negatives, but some of the biggest positives are their full-figure shape, they need little pruning and beautiful blooms in spring. Dyer began her writing career as a staff writer at a community newspaper and is now a full-time commercial writer. They are used to make many kinds of Chinese snacks, including haw flakes and being coated in sugar syrup and put on a stick tanghulu. Spectacular small tree with intense red double flowers & excellent autumn colour Lovely year-round hues and short stature makes this an excellent choice for a small garden. English hawthorn C. laevigata. Small plants or suckers are often transplanted from the wild. Botanical name: Crataegus. aronia, as well as other species) are known as zâlzâlak and eaten raw as a snack, or made into a jam known by the same name. Multiple Seasons of Interest. About Hawthorn Trees A hawthorn tree is a hardy, fruit bearing, flower growing tree that has been known to live for up to 400 years. Related to the apple, pear, and crabapple trees, the English hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata) is a small to medium-sized tree that's native to Europe and North Africa. (2002) Breaking of seed dormancy, germination and seedling emergence of the common hawthorn (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crataegus&oldid=993883609, Taxa named by Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of October 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Old English (ca.  Uncommon forms can be grafted onto seedlings of other species. Crataegus crus-galli var. The Washington Hawthorn Tree grows well in USDA Hardiness Zones 4-7. , The Scots saying "Ne'er cast a cloot til Mey's oot" conveys a warning not to shed any cloots (clothes) before the summer has fully arrived and the Mayflowers (hawthorn blossoms) are in full bloom. Blight control products containing copper are sometimes effective. Although the thorny twigs and foliage aren't high priority for deer, they become more attractive when other food is scarce. The relatively thornless hybrid Lavalle hawthorn (Crataegus x lavallei) has lustrous green leaves, large orange-red fruits, and bronze-red fall foliage. The flowers are double or single and range from white to pink to red; they smother the branches and add a … Avoid pesticides, which kill natural aphid predators such as lady beetles and lacewings. They are also cooked with other fruits to prepare a Christmas punch. Its beautiful flowers, sharp thorns and hedge-like qualities have made it popular throughout the ages. How to choose Hawthorn trees. , Several species of hawthorn have been used in traditional medicine. Chinese Haw is easy to grow and hardy. In some cases, horticultural oils are effective but must be used strictly according to label specifications. In Ireland, the red fruit is, or was, called the Johnny MacGorey or Magory. Makes an … Nekada se borio sa ZEMUNSKIM KLANOM, a sada drži glogov kolac u rukama", "Language of Flowers - Flower Meanings, Flower Sentiments", Bujarska-Borkowska, B. Bailey, L.H. Hawthorns form the genus Crataegus, and are a diverse range of hardy trees, adaptable to many situations - including urban and coastal planting.  The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (called shān zhā in Chinese) are used in traditional Chinese medicine, primarily as a digestive aid. The Hawthorn tree has white flowers similar to apple blossoms that attracts butterflies and beneficial insects. "Chip budding" has also been performed on hawthorn trunks to have branches of several varieties on the same tree. The clusters of flowers, often colorful fruits, and manageable size endear hawthorns to landscapers, and many varieties appear in cultivation, including some specially bred for landscape use. Other species (especially Crataegus laevigata) are used in herbal medicine where the plant is believed to strengthen cardiovascular function. Phipps, J.B., O'Kennon, R.J., Lance, R.W. Hawthorne Trees have a variety of flowers. In Celtic lore, the hawthorn plant was used commonly for inscriptions along with yew and apple. They are stuffed in the piñatas broken during the traditional pre-Christmas celebration known as Las Posadas. Our Red Hawthorn Crimson Cloud are supplied at a height of between 1.00 and 2.4 metres in a 7-12 litre container, which means that the tree can be planted any time of the year and with better results than either bare-root or rootballed trees. 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